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Electric automobile is the car of the future

The electric car is the car of the future, and developments we see happening all around us are making this assertion increasingly more likely.

For most people, of course, the fuel of choice is petroleum. It has been this way for more than 100 years.

But because of advances in battery technology there are now commercially viable cars that don’t need to run on petroleum. These cars run on electricity. There are also cars that are a hybrid of the two. So what are the differences between a car powered by an internal combustion engine (ICE), a gasoline/diesel hybrid car, and an all-electric car?

The basic parts needed for an ICE car to work are spark, fuel, and oxygen, because without the fuel-air mixture and the spark needed to ignite it, the engine won’t run. The ICE vehicle works by containing and directing a controlled explosion to drive the cylinder and thus turn the drive shaft and the wheels. The drive train turns that small explosion into energy and a cooling system makes sure the engine doesn’t overheat and break. The engine is cooled by two things, air and fluid. The car needs a starter motor to start the car, and a gearbox which allows the driver to make the engine run most efficiently. After all of that there is the exhaust pipe to expel the fumes from the engine.

The hybrid car is not much different from a standard ICE car. It still needs all of the basic things an ICE car requires, including spark, fuel and oxygen. The difference is that the hybrid also has an electric motor. The electric motor and battery is powering the car to a point, and then when depleted, the ICE powertrain takes over. The reason for the engine is because the batteries in a standard hybrid do not go very far on a charge.

One of the interesting features is that when the is decelerating or braking, the batteries recharge. This new age invention is called “regenerative braking.” The hybrid car is not half gas and half electric because it took the power sources from both and put them in one vehicle. It really is a standard ICE vehicle with an electric assist element to help in acceleration, which is when ICE vehicles have their worst mileage and emit the most tailpipe emissions. The hybrid is a very interesting piece of ingenuity and the newer “plug in” hybrids have better battery range, but still far less than the true electric vehicle (EV). But from a consumer point of view, a hybrid also has all the maintenance and repair complications of a standard ICE car, with added complexity because it weaves an electric propulsion system on top. Hybrids tend to get better mileage than a standard car on in-town driving, but are similar on the highway and for maintenance and repairs.


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