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A brief history of electric vehicles |

They might seem like a new development but electric cars have actually been around a long time. The first vehicles appear early in the nineteenth century, with a number of vehicles appearing within a few years of each other.
Early on in their career, they achieved great success and even at one time, were more popular than the noisy, smelly and difficult-to-start hand cranked petrol car.
Who exactly is to credit with inventing the electricvehicle is hard to say, it seemed natural at that period of time to combine two relatively new inventions; that of the electric motor and the motorcar together, in a new horseless era.
Early electric vehicles include:
1830s: Dutchman Sibrandus Stratingh creates an electromagnetic cart.
1835: American Thomas Davenport creates an electric motor and small electric car.
1838: Scottish inventor Robert Anderson creates a simple electric carriage powered by non-rechargeable primary cells.
Breakthrough moments:
1859: A turning point for electric cars came in this year when French physicist Gaston Plante invented a rechargeable lead-acid battery.
By 1881, another Frenchman Camille Faure improved the battery, to supply current and invented a basic lead-acid battery for use in vehicles.
1891: American William Morrison builds the first proper electric vehicle which uses the newer, rechargeable batteries and was capable of a respectable top speed of 14 miles per hour. This became the moment when American interest in EVs finally took off, some ten years or more behind the European market, where electric trikes and carts where already in use.
1897: Electric vehicles found their first role in business as a fleet of electrical New York City taxis, built by the Electric Carriage and Wagon Company of Philadelphia.


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