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Energy Harvesting for Electric Vehicles 2012-2022

NEW YORK, June 6, 2012 /PRNewswire via COMTEX/ — announces that a new market research report is available in its catalogue:Energy Harvesting for Electric Vehicles 2012-2022 #utm_source=prnewswire&utm_medium=pr&utm_campaign=Clean_VehicleThe electric vehicle industry – land, water and air – is rapidly rising to become a huge market of over $200 billion in 2022 at ex-factory prices. Some run entirely on harvested energy as with solar lake boats. Others recycle energy as with regenerative braking of cars, buses and military vehicles harvesting kinetic energy.

Others use different forms of harvesting either to charge the traction batteries or to drive autonomous devices as we progress to the wireless vehicle. In some cases, harvesting is making completely new forms of electric vehicle possible such as “glider” Autonomous Underwater Vehicles (AUVs) that stay at sea for years and surface to gain electricity from both wave power and sunshine whenever necessary. Indeed, multiple forms of energy harvesting on one vehicle is becoming much more common from cars to superyachts. This report is the first to provide technical and marketing analysis of the rapidly growing market for energy harvesting in electric vehicles – land, water and air – with forecasts.1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS1.1. What is energy harvesting?1.2. Choices of harvesting1.3. Opportunities for energy harvesting in cars1.4. Market size of EV energy harvesting 2011-20211.5. Largest sectors2. INTRODUCTION2.1. Energy harvesting2.1.1. Textron Bell helicopter sensing2.1.2. Train brakes2.1.3. MEMS2.2. Electric vehicle2.3. Needs2.3.1. Range and cost2.3.2. Hybrid vs pure electric2.3.3. Biomimetics2.4. Options and examples2.4.1. ETH, QinetiQ solar plane2.4.2. Amerigon thermoelectrics for cars, etc2.4.3. Military land vehicles2.4.4. NASA on Mars- planetary exploration vehicles2.5. Bluecar2.6. Nissan Capacitor Hybrid truck, forklift2.7. Toyota Prius2.8. Multi-mode harvesting2.8.1. Alongside2.8.2. Smart skin2.8.3. EH in tire pressure monitoring2.8.4. Issues with TPMSs using batteries2.8.5. Energy harvesters for TPMS2.9. Microhybrids3. TECHNOLOGY TRENDS3.1. Photovoltaic3.1.1. Flexible, conformal3.1.2. Technological options3.1.3. Principles of operation3.1.4. Options for flexible PV3.1.5. Many types of photovoltaics needed for harvesting3.2. Limits of cSi and aSi technologies3.3. Limits of CdTe3.4. GaAs-Ge multilayers3.5. DSSC3.6. CIGS3.7. Organic3.8. Nanosilicon ink3.9. Nantenna – diode PV3.9.1. Nanowire solar cells3.9.2. UV, visible, IR3.10. Technology trends – electrodynamic3.11. Vibration harvesting3.12. Movement harvesting options3.12.1. Piezoelectric – conventional, ZnO and polymer3.12.2. Electrostatic3.12.3. Magnetostrictive3.12.4. Energy harvesting electronics3.13. Electroactive polymers3.14. Electrodynamic3.14.1. Generation of electricity3.14.2. Regenerative braking3.14.3. Energy harvesting shock absorbers3.14.4. Regenerative soaring3.15. Thermoelectrics3.15.1. Thermoelectric construction3.15.2. Advantages of thermoelectrics3.15.3. Automotive Thermoelectric Generation (ATEG)3.15.4. Heat pumps3.15.5. Ford, Volvo, Renault3.16. Flywheels3.17. Electromagnetic field harnessing3.18. Microbial and other fuel cells3.19. Other harvesting options4. EH FOR LAND VEHICLES4.1. Solar Prius4.2. Pure EV motive power4.3. EH shock absorbers in trucks, buses, cars4.4. Regenerative braking4.5. Electricity from engine and exhaust heat4.5.1. Copenhagen bicycle4.5.2. Volvo hybrid bus4.5.3. Fisker Karma car4.5.4. Tesla car4.6. Cruise car solar golf cars4.7. Vibration harvesting ATV in India4.8. Piezoelectric roads for California?5. EH FOR VEHICLES ON WATER5.1.1. Tamarack Lake foldable inland boat USA5.1.2. Kitegen seagoing kite boats Italy and Sauter UK5.1.3. Larger solar lake boats Switzerland5.1.4. SCOD / Atlantic Motors high performance cabin cruiser USA5.1.5. MW Line solar seagoing boat Switzerland5.1.6. Unmanned boat gathering oil USA5.1.7. Seagoing yachts France5.1.8. Tag plug in hybrid large sail boat South Africa, New Zealand5.1.9. Türanor PlanetSolar solar catamaran Germany5.1.10. Energy harvesting superyacht UK6. EH FOR UNDERWATER CRAFT6.1. Swimmers vs gliders6.2. Wave and sun powered sea gliders6.2.1. Virginia Institute of Marine Science USA6.2.2. Falmouth Scientific Inc USA6.2.3. Liquid Robotics USA6.3. Robot jellyfish USA and Germany6.4. Wind + Solar for ships7. EH FOR AIRCRAFT7.1. Energy harvesting7.1.1. Multiple forms of energy to be managed7.1.2. AeroVironment/ NASA USA7.1.3. Boeing USA7.1.4. Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne Switzerland7.1.5. ETH Zurich Switzerland7.1.6. Green Pioneer China7.1.7. Gossamer Penguin USA7.1.8. Nephelios France7.1.9. QinetiQ UK7.1.10. Soaring China7.1.11. Solair Germany7.1.12. Solar Flight USA7.1.13. Sunseeker USA7.1.14. University of Applied Sciences Schwäbisch Gmünd Germany7.1.15. US Air Force7.1.16. Northrop Grumman USA7.2. Beamed energy8. EV CHARGING STATIONS WITH HARVESTING8.1. Energy harvesting8.1.1. Solar powered charging stations8.1.2. Alpha Energy USA8.1.3. Beautiful Earth USA8.1.4. Envision Solar International USA8.1.5. E-Move Denmark8.1.6. EVFuture India8.1.7. Sanyo Japan8.1.8. Solar Bullet train8.1.9. Solar Unity Company USA8.1.10. SunPods USA8.1.11. Toyota Japan8.1.12. Innowattech Israel9. MARKET FORECASTS 2011 20229.1. Largest sectors9.2. Numbers of manufacturersAPPENDIX 1: IDTECHEX PUBLICATIONS AND CONSULTANCYAPPENDIX 2: WIRELESS CHARGINGTABLES1.1. Potential for improving energy harvesting efficiency1.2. Main photovoltaic options compared1.3. Possible scenario for number of EVs sold and the percentage using energy harvesting to charge traction batteries by type in 2011 and 2021, in numbers K1.4. Main market drivers 2011-20211.5. Numbers of EVs, in thousands, sold globally, 2012-2022, by applicational sector1.6. Ex factory unit price of EVs, in thousands of US dollars, sold globally, 2012-2022, by applicational sector, rounded1.7. Ex factory value of EVs, in billions of US dollars, sold globally, 2012-2022, by applicational sector, rounded3.1. Comparison of pn junction and photoelectrochemical photovoltaics3.2. The main options for photovoltaics beyond conventional silicon compared3.3. CdTe cost advantage in 20103.4. Efficiency of laminar organic photovoltaics and DSSC3.5. Automotive requirements from a TEG5.1. Ocean Empire LSV Specifications:7.1. Multiple forms of energy management in aviation9.1. Possible scenario for number of EVs sold and the percentage using energy harvesting to charge traction batteries by type in 2011 and 2021, in numbers K9.2. Main market drivers 2011-20219.3. Numbers of EVs, in thousands, sold globally, 2012-2022, by applicational sector9.4. Ex factory unit price of EVs, in thousands of US dollars, sold globally, 2012-2022, by applicational sector, rounded9.5. Ex factory value of EVs, in billions of US dollars, sold globally, 2012-2022, by applicational sector, rounded9.6. Approximate number of manufacturers of electric vehicles worldwide in 2010 by application with numbers for ChinaFIGURES1.1. Long endurance AUV that gains electricity by surfacing to harness wave and sun power1.2. Examples of energy harvesting technologies and their applicability to electric vehicles, land, water and air1.3. Where energy harvesting fits into green energy1.4. Focus of energy harvesting development in the value chain1.5. Examples of energy harvesting technologies, developers and manufacturers1.6. Primary energy harvesting choices by size and efficiency1.7. Main energy harvesting technologies are compared by life and cost per watt1.8. Hamburg solar shuttle with flexible photovoltaics1.9. Possible sites for sensors with energy harvesting in cars1.10. German solar electric car from 1982 that achieved 15 mph1.11. Self sufficient accessory cluster – conformable tail lights and interior lighting – with timeframe to 2015 and beyond1.12. Fiat Phylla running laboratory and enabling technologies1.13. Phylla drive train1.14. Numbers of EVs, in thousands, sold globally, 2012-2022, by applicational sector1.15. Ex factory unit price of EVs, in thousands of US dollars, sold globally, 2012-2022, by applicational sector, rounded1.16. Ex factory value of EVs, in billions of US dollars, sold globally, 2012-2022, by applicational sector, rounded2.1. Helicopter vibration harvester2.2. Bell model 412 helicopter2.3. MEMS by a dust mite that is less than one millimeter across2.4. Some common technologies2.5. Unfolding photovoltaics on vehicles2.6. Swiss solar plane2.7. Automotive power flow2.8. Thermoelectrics to improve the efficiency of stationary Solid Oxide Fuel Cells2.9. Oshkosh hybrid truck2.10. Bluecar2.11. Pininfarina Bolloré Bluecar cross section2.12. Nissan Lithium-ion forklift with regenerative braking2.13. 2010 Toyota Prius2.14. Solar panel on roof of the new plug in Prius2.15. Tribrid two-wheeler2.16. Smart Skin concept2.17. Alert icon for tire pressure2.18. VisiTyre’s pick up coil2.19. Visualization of the VisiTyre coil’s magnetic field.3.1. Kopf Solarshiff pure electric solar powered lake boats in Germany and the UK for up to 150 people3.2. NREL adjudication of efficiencies under standard conditions3.3. Number of organisations developing printed and potentially printed electronics worldwide in 20103.4. Spectrolab roadmap for multilayer cells3.5. DSSC design principle3.6. HRTEM plane view BF image of germanium quantum dots in titania matrix3.7. CIGS construction3.8. The CIGS panels from Global Solar Energy3.9. Wide web organic photovoltaic production line of Konarka announced late 2008.3.10. Operating principle of a popular form of organic photovoltaics3.11. Module stack for photovoltaics3.12. INL nantennas on film3.13. Nanowire solar cells left by Canadian researchers and right by Konarka in the USA3.14. Microscope image shows the fibers that are part of the microfiber nanogenerator. The top one is coated with gold3.15. Schematic shows how pairs of fibers would generate electrical current3.16. Piezo eel3.17. Capacitive biomimetic energy harvesting3.18. Midé energy harvesting electronics3.19. Artificial Muscle business plan3.20. Artificial Muscle’s actuator3.21. Electraflyer Trike3.22. Electraflyer uncowled3.23. The thermoelectric materials with highest figure of merit3.24. Operating principle of the Seiko Thermic wristwatch3.25. The thermoelectric device in the Seiko Thermic watch with 104 elements each measuring 80X80X600 micrometers3.26. Demonstration of a TEG on a Ford Fusion 3.0L-V63.27. Exhaust Gas Recirculator specifications3.28. Volvo Flywheel KERS components3.29. Volvo flywheel KERS system layout3.30. Magneto Marelli electrical KERS Motor Generator Unit3.31. The Marelli system3.32. Williams Formula One KERS flywheel4.1. Toyota Prius solar roof option.4.2. Latest MIT solar car4.3. Honda dream, the winning car in the 1996 World Solar Challenge. The custom made cells for the car are greater than 20% efficient.4.4. Sunswift4.5. See-through photovoltaics on the rear window of a large Mercedes concept vehicle late in 20114.6. GenShock prototype held by Humvee coil spring where it is installed4.7. Levant Power Hummer4.8. Genshock evolution4.9. Hydraulic energy harvesting from Levant Power4.10. Ronggui Yang4.11. The Copenhagen bicycle4.12. The Copenhagen Wheel4.13. Volvo hybrid bus Sweden4.14. Fisker Karma4.15. Tesla Motors Roadster pure EV performance car4.16. Solar powered Cruise car5.1. Left to right Mr Ray Hirani, Dr Peter Harrop, Montgomery Gisborne5.2. Tamarack Loon5.3. Kitegen kite providing supplementary power to a ship5.4. Ocean Empire LSV concept with electricity from kites, waves and sun5.5. Solar powered boats for tourism cruising at 12 kph on Lake Geneva5.6. MW Line solar seagoing boat5.7. Zoom Solar powered unmanned boat gathering oil5.8. Seagoing yacht with auxiliary engine5.9. Rigged and ready, Tang is towed carefully to the launch site5.10. Plug-in Tag 60 hybrid sailboat5.11. Tag 60 at speed (CAD)5.12. Main salon (CAD)5.13. Tang’s 18 kw motors5.14. A lithium-ion battery module as used on Tang5.15. EMM controls all electrical functions from touch screen consoles at each helm station5.16. Türanor PlanetSolar solar catamaran5.17. Türanor PlanetSolar – the world’s largest solar powered boat5.18. Türanor PlanetSolar out of the water5.19. Skippers Raphael Domjan of Switzerland and Gerard D’Aboville of France (left) stand on the bridge of the solar boat5.20. The rigid-wing superyacht concept called ‘Soliloquy’5.21. Head on view of the rigid-wing superyacht ‘Soliloquy’6.1. Wave and sun power recharging a glider AUV before it resumes its mission6.2. Wave and sun powered sea glider6.3. Autonomous wave glider6.4. AquaJelly6.5. AirJelly6.6. Japanese robot jellyfish6.7. German robot jellyfish7.1. Military deployment of solar/ fuel cell UAVs7.2. Helios7.3. SolarEagle7.4. Solar Impulse7.5. Solar impulse construction7.6. ETH Zurich solar powered unmanned aircraft for civil use7.7. Green Pioneer I7.8. Gossamer Penguin7.9. Néphélios planned solar airship7.10. Larry Mauro USA7.11. Test Flight of Soaring in 19947.12. Design of Soaring7.13. Solar Flight7.14. Bubble Plane7.15. Solar and fuel cell powered airship concept7.16. Northrop Grumman hybrid airship8.1. Solar powered charging stations8.2. Charging station at Rio de Janeiro8.3. PC-Aero pure electric manned plane from Germany with solar charger8.4. Solar recharging at Manheim New Jersey National Auto Dealers Exchange8.5. Beautiful Earth Group’s Brooklyn container-based charging station8.6. E-Move solar charging station8.7. EVFuture solar powered roadside charge 2008 model8.8. EVFuture solar station detail8.9. Bicycle parking lot in Sakurashinmachi, Setagaya, with Sanyo’s Smart Energy System “Solar Parking Lot”8.10. “Solar Parking Lot” based on Sanyo Electric’s Smart Energy System8.11. Sanyo Electric’s Large-, Medium- and Small-Scale Smart Energy Systems8.12. Solar powered train concept8.13. Solar Unity solar powered charging installed in 20058.14. SunPods solar charging station8.15. The 1.9kW Pure Electric Vehicle (PEV) and Plug In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) charging station8.16. Road surface electricity generator8.17. Innowattech Piezo Electric Generator8.18. Hino “no plug in” bus8.19. In-road charging of small buses in Turin Italy9.1. Numbers of EVs, in thousands, sold globally, 2012-2022, by applicational sector9.2. Ex factory unit price of EVs, in thousands of US dollars, sold globally, 2012-2022, by applicational sector, rounded9.3. Ex factory value of EVs, in billions of US dollars, sold globally, 2012-2022, by applicational sector, rounded9.4. Approximate number of manufacturers of electric vehicles worldwide by application in 20109.5. Number of manufacturers of electric vehicles in China by application in 2010To order this report:Clean Vehicle Industry: Energy Harvesting for Electric Vehicles 2012-2022More Market Research ReportCheck our Industry Analysis and InsightsContact Nicolas BombourgReportlinkerEmail: nicolasbombourg@reportlinker.comUS: (805)652-2626Intl: +1 805-652-2626

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